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Relation Between Stroke And Oral Health

Relation Between Stroke And Oral Health

Introduction

Stroke is caused due to a variety of reasons. Stroke may also have different consequences. There is a strong inter-relationship between stroke and dental health. Poor dental health may increase the risk of stroke while stroke may also lead to poor dental health. If you have poor dental health, and that too for a very long time, book your appointment with the best dentist in Paschim Vihar.

How The Oral Health Is Associated With Stroke?

Proper oral care should be maintained to prevent active diseases as well as to socialize without embarrassment. The consequences of poor dental and oral health are much beyond the oral cavity.

Various research studies and case studies indicate a relationship between poor oral health and stroke. The gum diseases, from mid to severe has the potential to increase the risk of stroke. These gum diseases include gingivitis, periodontitis, and severe periodontitis which result in tooth decay and eventually tooth loss.

A research study in Sweden, which comprises randomly selected 1676 people, concluded that gingival inflammation was associated with stroke. In various studies, tooth loss was found to be associated with an increased risk of stroke. The risk of stroke increases with increased loss of teeth.

Silent strokes may also be caused due to poor dental health. Although the silent strokes are not able to cause instant symptoms or make the person handicapped, over a period, multiple silent strokes may result in dementia.

Ischemic strokes are one of the most common types of strokes that may be caused due to poor oral health. These strokes are caused because of poor blood flow due to the formation of a blood clot.

The poor oral problem results in infection. The risk of a stroke gets increased when the immune system fights against the infection of the oral cavity. Prolong inflammation and infection increases the risk of blood clotting that may lead to stroke.

Only a few people suffering from gum disease opt for professional treatment. It is advisable to schedule routine dental examinations to maintain a healthy oral cavity. This will reduce the risk of serious complications.

How To Take Care of Oral Health Post-Stroke?

Not only the poor oral health increases the risk of stroke but stroke may also lead to dental problems. This may be due to facial muscle weakness, loss of senses, and increased intake of medications leading to side effects.

Denture stomatitis may occur because of paralysis of facial muscles as the denture may not be able to fit. Similarly, in the patients who are on tube feeding, there is an increased oral muscular tension. This may lead to poor oral care.

To receive adequate attention to dental problems in patients with stroke, the behavioral, physical, and informational barriers should be removed. After the stroke, the memory may get reduced. Always keep your toothbrush at the same spot. Get an extra grip on your brush for perfect handling. The patient may opt for an electric toothbrush. Dry mouth may be reduced by over the counter gargles or oral rinses.

Reference:

Söder B, Meurman JH, Söder PÖ. Gingival inflammation associates with stroke–a role for oral health personnel in prevention: a database study. PLoS One. 2015;10(9):e0137142. Published 2015 Sep 25.

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